TL;DR: Size matters.

After Oracle’s surprise announcement of their containerization of Oracle DB, Oracle WebLogic and a few of their other core technologies, I decided to test it out for myself. (Speaking authentically, I’m leery of their commitment; however, I recognize that I work on Open Source at Microsoft, so who am I to judge?)

My end-goal is to get Oracle DB 12.2 running in a container on Kubernetes inside Azure Container Service. This is Part 1 of my walkthrough from 0 to operational.

Build and Verify the Container

Unlike most Docker projects, Oracle does not have a public image on Docker Hub. To get started, you’ll need to:

Clone the github repo

git clone git@github.com:oracle/docker-images.git
...
Receiving objects: 100% (5643/5643), 425.77 MiB | 5.41 MiB/s, done.

Wait…what?! 425MB?!

After some sleuthing, it appears they once included the OracleLinux binaries in the git repo but have not purged them. Poor Github. I have a tremendous amount of appreciation for their architects and support engineers. Below is the SHA1 of the blob, the # of bytes of each file and the path.

CLICK TO SHOW DETAILS


git clone git@github.com:oracle/docker-images.git
Cloning into 'docker-images'...
remote: Counting objects: 5643, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (35/35), done.
remote: Total 5643 (delta 12), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 5607
Receiving objects: 100% (5643/5643), 425.77 MiB | 5.41 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (3164/3164), done.

git:(master) git rev-list --objects --all \
| git cat-file --batch-check='%(objecttype) %(objectname) %(objectsize) %(rest)' \
| awk '/^blob/ {print substr($0,6)}' \
| sort --numeric-sort --key=2 | tail -7

35eda80405d711ae557905633d9f9b8d756afb94 42358832 OracleLinux/7.0/oraclelinux-7.0.tar.xz
e359def3dde981199ea692bbb26c24bd37e6fd68 42765288 OracleLinux/7.1/oraclelinux-7.1.tar.xz
0956d25bcb27f804cfc37f2a519a5cfb35af0955 43951872 OracleLinux/6.8/oraclelinux-6.8-rootfs.tar.xz
6de0b5011f509e53623ab0170fbc72e8bb53b501 43953520 OracleLinux/6.9/oraclelinux-6.9-rootfs.tar.xz
b05b9f4971b6d28330545fadc234eb423815dd59 47275816 OracleLinux/7.2/oraclelinux-7.2-rootfs.tar.xz
9b07a976e61ed2cf3a02173bf8c2d829977f2406 49130232 OracleLinux/7.3/oraclelinux-7.3-rootfs.tar.xz
3b7610a3df4892e9cf4f5d01eb3d55bcd3f2ad54 50369896 OracleLinux/6.7/oraclelinux-6.7-rootfs.tar.xz

Click to hide details

Moving right along…

Download the Oracle DB instance from their website

Since Oracle does not allow anyone else to distribute their software, you must go to their site, register (Larry Ellison now has my email), and download. Unfortunately, the login process does not allow me to “wget” the file and put on a remote machine, so I must download locally via browser. I chose “Oracle Database 12c Release 2”

-rw-r--r--@ 1 thfalgou staff 3.2G Apr 27 10:07 linuxx64_12201_database.zip

Another 3.2GB.

I now have an alternate version of Sir Mix A Lot’s infamous song going in my head: I LIKE BIG BINARIES AND I CANNOT LIE…

Moving right along…

Run their buildDockerImage.sh from the Github Repo

The documentation isn’t explicit about where to store the downloaded image. (in my case the ‘OracleDatabase/dockerfiles/12.2.0.1’ directory)

Now the moment of truth. From the “OracleDatabase/dockerfiles” directory, run buildDockerImage.sh

CLICK TO SHOW DETAILS

dockerfiles git:(master) time ./buildDockerImage.sh -v 12.2.0.1 -s
...
Building image 'oracle/database:12.2.0.1-se2' ...
Sending build context to Docker daemon 3.454 GB^M^M
Step 1/16 : FROM oraclelinux:7-slim
---> 442ebf722584
...
Pages and pages of output. So much text that my iTerm buffer no longer had the initial command.
...
Oracle Database Docker Image for 'se2' version 12.2.0.1 is ready to be extended:

--> oracle/database:12.2.0.1-se2

Build completed in 658 seconds.

./buildDockerImage.sh -v 12.2.0.1 -s 3.68s user 8.15s system 1% cpu 10:57.49 total

Click to hide details

10 Minutes later, the container is finally built. 10 minutes. 10!

Perhaps I’m being overly dramatic; however, the Docker Ecosystem has lots of high expectations and one of those is rapid development and deployment through small, composable artifacts. Granted, building and deploying a new version of database is not a common occurrence; however, the process it not conducive to DevOps. That said, this is their first foray into this, so I’m still excited to see the change.

dockerfiles git:(master) docker images
oracle/database 12.2.0.1-se2 f788cd5b4b9d 4 minutes ago 14.8 GB
oraclelinux 7-slim 442ebf722584 6 days ago 114 MB
fedora latest 15895ef0b3b2 7 days ago 231 MB
microsoft/mssql-server-linux latest 7b1c26822d97 7 days ago 1.35 GB
nginx latest 5766334bdaa0 3 weeks ago 183 MB
ubuntu latest 0ef2e08ed3fa 8 weeks ago 130 MB
...

14GB? I take that back.

Start the container

Let’s get the party started…

dockerfiles git:(master) docker run --name oracledb -p 1521:1521 -p 5500:5500 oracle/database:12.2.0.1-se2
ORACLE PASSWORD FOR SYS, SYSTEM AND PDBADMIN:

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production on 28-APR-2017 03:21:48

Copyright (c) 1991, 2016, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Starting /opt/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...

TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production
System parameter file is /opt/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Log messages written to /opt/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/91c68ac2b2bf/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1)))
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=0.0.0.0)(PORT=1521)))
...
Copying database files
1% complete
...

Huzzah! After about 9 minutes, it’s finally started! Let’s test it!

~ docker exec -ti oracledb sqlplus pdbadmin@ORCLPDB1

SQL*Plus: Release 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Fri Apr 28 03:58:10 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Enter password:

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Standard Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

SQL>

We’re in!!! It worked!

It is at this point that I realize I’ve already gone through 2 drams of Aberlour and I should probably stop for the night. Provided there is enough interest (and whiskey), I’ll write-up Step 2 of getting this running on Kubernetes in ACS. As for now, I should stop while the world is only mildly spinning.

NOTE 1: If the database auto-generates a password with a “/” in it, I’ve found it doesn’t work. You can change that by running:
docker exec ./setPassword.sh

NOTE 2: If you run this multiple times, make sure to run “docker system prune” as it fills up your disk fast. On my 3rd try, I hit the following error, even with lots of space on my disk.
[FATAL] [DBT-06604] The location specified for 'Fast Recovery Area Location' has insufficient free space.
CAUSE: Only (9,793MB) free space is available on the location (/opt/oracle/oradata/fast_recovery_area/ORCLCDB/).
ACTION: Choose a 'Fast Recovery Area Location' that has enough space (minimum of (12,780MB)) or free up space on the specified location.

NOTE 3: It looks like everyone uses Docker now…

After hearing about it for years, I was fortunate enough to attend DockerCon this time around. Since joining Microsoft as a Open Source Technical Evangelist, 80% of my job is either learning or teaching. This was my first OSS conference since joining Microsoft, and I was eager to share with others my experiences.

I was even more excited to find out that a Drew Erny (my Godmother’s grandson) was not only attending, but presenting! It was also a change for me to hobnob with some of the Docker elite and some of the other Microsoft movers and shakers.

I’ve captured all of my conference notes here, but below is my overview of the event and here’s some pictures:

Announcements:

  • Running Linux Containers native on Windows – This demo had a hiccup, but shows some interesting potential
  • Docker Multi-Stage Build – TL;DR – Specify multiple FROM’s separate build env from deploy artifact. For more details
  • MobyProject – Open Source project to help developers create their own Docker-like container platform. This one was unclear at first, until I read a few more articles on it.
  • LinuxKit – A toolkit for building secure, portable and lean operating systems for containers was open sourced live on stage!

Keynote:

  • Topics ranged from enterprise deployments to enterprise scaling to enterprise security and “how to convince your enterprise boss” and “Docker Enterprise. Look at how Enterprisey we are and how Dockery other enterprises are”.
  • Day 1’s keynote felt more developer centric, and Day 2’s felt more enterprise centric. Afterwards, I also noticed the undertone of “Look how Enterprise Docker is” in not just the keynotes, but many of the presentations. Docker is definitely positioning itself to be more respected in the Enterprise world. I get it and completely understand it, but the message was tilted every so slightly towards that slant.
  • NOTE: There used to be rumors of Microsoft buying Docker. If Microsoft had, and then Docker made the same Enterprise slant, there would be a HUGE backlash. Docker has worked hard to be beloved and it shows.

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Pre-event Organization:

  • Since I registered late, I missed a number of the critical emails including an FYI to RSVP to a party that was waitlisted by the time I discovered it. Thankfully, by then I had found my own crew to dine and drink with.
  • The DockerCon app was helpful for detailing the tracks and available sessions and adding them to the DockerCon app’s calendar. Would be helpful if it exported to a personal calendar for reminders as I got caught up in the Expo hall many times.

Event Organization:

  • As a coordinator of 1000+ people events, I understand exactly how difficult this is. Your best hope is that no one really notices the blood, sweat and tears that go into setting it up. And it’s now that everything is done that I appreciate how good of a job they did.
  • The was more than adequate signage and information for what is happening and where.
  • This is the first convention I’ve been to that included a swing set, which was awesome. Lots of break-out areas, separated by pallets and bean-bag private spaces.

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Ecosystem Expo:

  • Microsoft and IBM were the platinum sponsors and it showed as they were the first two you saw when walking in. Outside of that, there were plenty of vendors eager to talk and lots of great swag. Drones were the most popular prize, but sadly the luck of the Coonass wasn’t with me.
  • Lots of great vendors. I got to pick the brains of talented teams at AWS, Rancher, Yippie.io, Redhat, Docker, Aqua, RedisLabs, 1&1, Citrix, Cloud Native Compute Foundation, Oracle (yes, that Oracle. They provide Oracle server on containers now!)

Presentations:
Lots of great presentations and speakers.

  • “Creating Effective Images” was the top rated and thankfully repeated since I missed it the first time. I highly recommend watching when it becomes available online.
  • Docker Swarm Deep Dive – Drew Erny did a great job of headlining this talk with demos from some of his compatriots. I saw how Docker bakes security into everything they do which will make all of our lives easier. I have been focused on Kubernetes, but the new announcements for Docker Swarm have gotten me really excited, especially how they handle Secrets and image security, software supply chain lifecycle and desktop deployments.

Here’s some great quotes I overheard:

  • “I only use microservices to effectively hide the root cause of any problem I create”
  • “Whatever layer you’re at, the layer below you is just magic”
  • “To quote WuTang: Cache rules everything around me.”
  • “Bro, do you even Load Balance?”
  • “Complaint Driven Development”
  • “According to metrics, you don’t have metrics”
  • This love poem

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Prior to DockerCon, I really hoped to attend and meet a few more Microsoft’ers and some Docker’ers(?) but got swept up into the community and the common goal it has for deploying software better, faster, stronger. I can’t wait till next year.

P.S. If you are interested in toying around with Docker, check out: http://training.play-with-docker.com/ It’s a great walkthrough without the need to install anything (browser based development!)